What is the Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act (RLUIPA)?

In a nutshell, RLUIPA prohibits zoning and landmarking laws that:

  1. treat churches or other religious assemblies or institutions on less than equal terms with nonreligious institutions;
  2. discriminate against any assemblies or institutions on the basis of religion or religious denomination;
  3. totally exclude religious assemblies from a jurisdiction; or
  4. unreasonably limit religious assemblies, institutions, or structures within a jurisdiction.

See summary here and more detail here. Also see the Department of Justice’s report on the tenth anniversary of RLUIPA here.

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